UN Debates Globalism Vs. Nationalism

In international relations, what is more important — globalism or nationalism? Solidarity among nations or sovereignty? US President Donald Trump, European Council President Donald Tusk and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi offered opposing perspectives in addresses to the United Nations.

“If you want freedom, take pride in your country. If you want democracy, hold on to your sovereignty. And if you want peace, love your nation,” Trump said, according to the NYT, as he called for stronger borders and new controls on migration. He added: “The future does not belong to globalists. The future belongs to patriots. The future belongs to sovereign and independent nations.” Governments must defend their “history, culture and heritage,” he said. “The free world must embrace its national foundations, It must not attempt to erase them or replace them.” He railed against uncontrolled migration to Europe and the United States.

Trump echoed the “great replacement” theory that European culture is being diluted by migrants from places like the Middle East and North Africa.

“Tusk came out swinging,” Politico reported. “I do not agree with this opinion,” he said. “It is false and dangerous, even if it has many followers and powerful propagators.”

Tusk insisted there is “no conflict between patriotism and globalism. ”

“The very idea of the United Nations, just like that of the European Union, is de facto a heroic attempt to overcome such thinking,” Tusk said. “The patriotism of the 21st century must also have a global dimension, if it is not to become, as has many times been the case, a common national egoism. The history of our nations shows how easy it is to transform the love of one’s homeland into a hatred towards one’s neighbors. How easy it is to transform the pride for one’s own culture into a contempt for the culture of strangers. How easy it is to use the slogans of one’s own sovereignty against the sovereignty of others.”

“I know that the word globalism doesn’t sound attractive,” Tusk said. “Personally, I prefer the word solidarity, so important for me and for my nation. In my political vocabulary, globalism and solidarity mean the same thing.”

Wang, the Chinese Foreign Minister, criticized Trump’s tariffs and asserted that “economic globalization as the trend of the times cannot and should not be held back.” In an event hosted by the National Committee on United States-China Relations on the sidelines of the UN summit, he said that “the free flow of resources enabled by globalization has created tremendous wealth. Neither scapegoating nor initiating a trade war is the right solution” to globalization’s drawbacks, he said. “Trade frictions will only hurt both sides and the whole world.”

Wang said “it is not China’s intention to change the United States, Likewise, the United States should not seek to change China.”

Trump UN Sept. 24, 2019 speech text.

Tusk UN Sept. 26 speech text.

National Committee on US-China Relations

News of National Committee on US-China Relations

 

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