30 Key Questions About Globalization for Students to Explore

  1. How can global trade and interaction be encouraged — it is obviously good because it makes nations economically interdependent, and less likely to engage in war — without destroying national values and resulting in economic and political blackmail?
  2. Do tariffs ever work?
  3. Does globalization raise overall living standards without simply shifting jobs from wealthy countries where relatively high wages are demanded, to poor countries where desperate people accept low wages and abusive working conditions?
  4. Does globalization reduce average costs and prices?
  5. Do multi-national corporations have too much power in the global economy?
  6. Does globalization help international oligarchs consolidate their financial and political power? Oligarchy countries: Examples from History and Today. Russia, China, the US, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Turkey, United Arab Emirates.
  7. Does globalization make it more likely that nations will cast a blind eye to human rights violations, such as by Saudi Arabia, which brutally murdered a journalist and the US remained mostly silent because Saudi purchases US arms, aircraft and bombs?
  8. Are workers’ rights more or less enforceable with globalization?
  9. Does globalization encourage crony capitalism and oligarchies?
  10. Does globalization encourage surveillance capitalism?
  11. Globalization has clearly encouraged digital surveillance, replacing the old Soviet model of spies and double-agents, and challenging individual privacy.
  12. Does globalization encourage or discourage intellectual property rights?
  13. Does globalization encourage or discourage environmental consciousness and regulations?
  14. Has globalization helped or hurt women?
  15. Has globalization helped or hurt the gay rights movement?
  16. Does globalization help or hurt academic freedom at international universities?
  17. Does globalization threaten or expand political freedoms?
  18. Does globalization encourage collaborating with authoritarian and even totalitarian regimes?
  19. If globalization encourages nation-building, is this good or bad?
  20. Does the globalization of social media have mostly positive or mostly negative effects?
  21. Social Media, Facebook and globalization: mostly positive or mostly negative force?
  22. Smartphones and globalization: good or bad?
  23. Does Google’s involvement in China and other authoritarian countries violate American values of freedom of expression?
  24. Western software companies, particularly in the US, the UK, the Netherlands and Israel, are helping to create and manage surveillance technologies for authoritarian regimes. Should governments restrict these companies’ activities?
  25. Has globalization peaked? Yes, protectionism and populism started in 2013, says global strategist David Roche.
  26. For decades, economists have argued that “global trade expands national wealth by lowering the price of goods, lifting wages and amplifying growth,” as the NYT explained. “But trade comes with no assurances that the spoils will be shared equitably. Across much of the industrialized world, an outsize share of the winnings have been harvested by people with advanced degrees, stock options and the need for accountants. Ordinary laborers have borne the costs and suffered from joblessness and deepening economic anxiety. When millions of workers lost paychecks to foreign competition, they lacked supports to cushion the blow. As a result, seething anger is upending politics in Europe and North America.” Are these assumptions correct and long-term?
  27. The US threatens to limit access to the world’s largest market unless foreign governments and businesses meet its demands. This has dampened growth expectations world-wide. Is globalization moving past the US and its vision of world order?
  28. Despite the dominance of populist appeals to protectionism, two-thirds of Americans in August. 2019 said they support free trade. Are these numbers soft or hard? Do Americans understand the complexities of trade policy well-enough to have an opinion?
  29. Does globalization promote democracy or threaten democracy?
  30. What is the impact of globalization on education?

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